To improve engagement in large group teaching, Keepad clickers were used, together with the TurningPoint PPT plugin, to enable interactive quizzes and polling with real-time collation of responses and feedback. Online tools (LectureTools and Echo360's Active Learning Platform) were subsequently used for this purpose. These tools utilise students' web-enabled devices to ask and answer questions before, during and after lectures. Clickers were initially opted for because they are reliable and do not require students to use web-enabled devices, which can be affected by wireless network availability. However, there are limitations imposed by transporting large numbers of clickers, and it is difficult to ensure that all clickers are returned at the end of each lecture. Software tools such as LectureTools and Echo360's Active Learning Platform provide a greater range of question types, as well as greater capacity for students to initiate interactions during lectures. The advantage of having this interactivity in lectures is that it enhances student engagement, which is critical for learning.
Audience response systems are evolving rapidly. Echo 360's Active Learning Platform will continue to be used as it integrates with Moodle, and is currently being trialed by UNSW. This tool also has the potential to facilitate dialogue between students and teachers.
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